Location : Southern Africa
: 799,380 km²
: 19.2 million people
: Maputo (1.5 million people)
Main towns
: Maputo, Beira, Nampula, Nacala, Quelimane
Official language
: Portuguese
: the new metical : 1 EUR = 32.5 MTN
GDP/member of the population
: $313
Life expectancy
: 41.6 years (PNUD 2006).
Literacy rate of those over 15 years of age
: 55%.
Human development index
: 168th out of 177

The 1992 peace agreements put an end to 16 years of civil war that made Mozambique one of the poorest countries on the planet.

Since then the people of Mozambique have been involved in the reconstruction of the country, although the conditions are very difficult. Some 69% of the population of Mozambique live below the poverty threshold. In Maputo, the capital, the poverty index is 47.84%, and the absolute poverty index is 17% (the Ministry of Finance, 1998). In the province of Sofala, where Beira is the administrative capital, 87.9% of the population live below the poverty threshold.

From a demographic point of view the rapid and uncontrolled growth of the large urban centres in Mozambique, especially those areas on the outskirts of Maputo (which make up 5 of the 7 city districts), has been accompanied by a worsening of the living conditions of the population there. Not many people have access to basic services (water, electricity, schools, health centres etc). Despite some actual investment in the tourism, roads, communication systems, and industry sectors, unemployment is still very high, especially amongst the young (40% of job seekers are below 20 years of age) and women (60% of women are looking for their first job). It should also be mentioned that the prevalence rates for HIV/AIDS in Mozambique is 14.5%. In Beira, this is as much as 26.5% (Ministry of Health, 2005).

ESSOR is involved in various areas in this reconstruction and local development process with local NGOs as well as the Mozambique government.

The cities as well as the rural areas are earmarked as redevelopment areas:

Maputo (capital, 2 million people), Beira (the second largest city with 500 thousand people) and the district of Nhamatanda (Sofala province), the district of Nacala-a-Velha (Nampula province).

You also can contact the ESSOR Coordination in Mozambique :

E-mail :
Tel : 00258 21 41 98 57
Fax : 00258 21 41 98 58
Address : Rua de Coimbra N°265/287 - CP 4520 - Maputo - Moçambique

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