Chad

Area : 1 284 000 km²
Population : 10.9 millions
Density of population : 8.8 hab/km²
Rural population : 74%

Capital : N'Djamena

Official language : French and Arabic
Independance day : 11 août 1960
Currency : Le Franc CFA, 1 euros = 656 CFA
GDP : 122ème sur 182
Life expectancy : 49 ans (UNICEF 2008)
Literacy rate (for adults) : 26% (UNICEF 2008)
Access to drinking water rate : entre 32 et 40%

Indice de développement humain : 172ème rang sur 177

Religions : Islam (51%), Christianisme (35%), Animisme (7%)

Context :

This country has been devastated by years of civil war between the national army and a group of rebel(arab-muslim North and the predominantly Christian and animst –south).
In 2005, new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and relations between both coutries were seriously damaged. However, since then, progress has been made.
The country has been afected by the Darfour issues as well and saw 350 000 refugees (150 000 internal and 100 000 from Sudan) coming and 200 000 displaced.
Actually, the country is still fragile ans sufferd from inadequate infrastructure and internal conflict.

The capital, N’Djamena counts 1 million inhabitants. A small part has access to good quality water and this other part uses water from well, pond or in the river Chari.
The garbages management  is a major issue, electricity is almost non-existent (93% of the population uses oil lamp). There’s not enough school based on the number of children and the existing one welcome 100 to 150 children per classroom.In the capital, the violence is growing up (appearance of gang). Because of the rural exode, a lot of young people are living in precarious situation and this is a factor of delinquency, alcoholism.
Unfortunatly, there is no insfrastructures to fight this curse like recreation places or sports fields.
The civil society is barely involved is development campaign, doesn’t encourage women freedom of speech and expression. It creates unevenness between men and women. Violence against women is increasing and youth is also a victim.
We also notice a HIV issue, increasing in the country.

In 2009, a survey has been done by ESSOR wih 800 young people from 14 to 25 years old in the outlying of N’Djamena. It shows up informations about youth’s living conditions and needs

  • 13 % of youth are parents. In Wallia area, 1 on 4 young girls is a mother.
  • Most of the youth is going to school but in certain areas, more than 40% of the
    girls have abondonned school.
  • Most of the young people have incom generating activity 
  • The main issues high light by the young generation: poor urbanization, violences, delinquancy, alcoholism, illiteracy, unemployement, corruption and difficulty for women to have a role in the society. 

For more information  
Don't hesitate to contact ESSOR:

E-mail : essor.contact@free.fr
Tel : 03 20 83 04 15

Adresse : 92, rue de la reine Astrid

               59700 Marcq en Baroeul

               FRANCE