Guinea Bissau

A developing country with a lot of natural ressources

Carte d'identité : 

Country Situation : West ofAfrica (Between  Sénégal, Guinée-Conakry)

Superficie : 36 125 km² (just a little more than Belgium !)

Languages :
 Portuguese  /Usual Language : portuguese creole
Capitale : Bissau (500 000 inhabitants)
Government type : republic
President : Malam Bacai Sanha since 26 juillet 2009

Principale Ressources : rice, corn, beans, peanuts, cotton, fish (62% of the state incoming).
PIB : 155th on 182
Human development index : 173 rd  
Life expenctancy at birth : 47 years
Religions : 50% muslin, 10% christian, 40% indigenous beliefs.
Currency :  Franc CFA
Main ethnic group : les balantes, Manjaques, Fula, Peuls et Mandingues.
rural population : 63%

Economic and political overview :

Despite a lot of natural ressources, Guinee Bissao is the 3rd poorest country is the world. The state bugdet is at 75% from international aid. 85% of the population lives  under the poverty trap. Guinee Bissao became since a couple of years a hub of cocaine traffic du to its strategic position between  South America and Europe. 
The political situation is pretty instable since the independancy in 1974. Coups d'état followed another. Recently (1st avril 2010), the prime minister and the chief of staff have been arrested by militaries..

ZOOM on BISSAU, the capital where ESSOR leads its actions :

BISSAU, 500 000 inhabitants, is dividing up  in 10 urban district and 68 areas. The government intervention is very limited on health, school, electricity structure and the civile society is bearly active. 
It poses a lot of problems in different areas :

  • Anarchic and acceleated growth in outlying districts.   
  • Lack of educative facilities (nursery school, first school)
  • Low education of children (especcialy the girls)
  • Low level of  women literacy
  • Lack of social facilities 
  • Urban violence, prostitution, drugs.
  • High unemployed rate especially in young population.
  • Food issues in poorest family.

Those problematics have been confirmed by a survey done in 2008 by ESSOR and AIFA PALOP (local NGO) within 150 families in 2 areas in Bissau. It shows that  the most affected population is children and women.

If you want to know more about the projet "BAIRRU LANTA" leaded by ESSOR in partnership with ALTERNAG in BISSAU, please, contact us : 

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