Project of sustainable rural development
Location: Cape Verde, Santo Antão island, Porto Novo municipal district.
Setting and objective: 70% of the families in the municipal district of Porto Novo are considered poor or very poor. Access to land ownership is problematic and the métayage system is very widespread. Despite problems related to geographical context (relief, drought), there are under-exploited opportunities to improve production systems. Primary sector activities are neglected although they are within the scope of farmers with small-holdings.
This project started in 2006 for 4 years, and aims to strengthen the abilities of small-holders in the municipal district of Porto Novo to find technical and organizational solutions to improve the continuity of their production systems, and solutions to increase their revenue by processing and distributing agricultural products and stock.
The activities are based on participation in experimentation and training in the fields of production, processing and agricultural distribution. Regional facilities to support agricultural initiatives will be set up in parallel: an agricultural equipment supply centre and a distribution support centre.
Agricultural training and support for participation in innovative experimentation.
The aim is to encourage reflection and experimentation, giving preference to traditional know-how, enriched with knowledge from agronomic research and positive experiments gained in other regions or countries. Training takes place within rural communities with groups of 20 to 30 farmers. The content of the training and experiments is defined specifically with the farmers themselves. It may concern improving existing production or introducing something new.
On-going training of a network of technical leaders.
These are volunteer farmers whose role, after training and after the end of the project, will be to continue to encourage reflection among farmers and to promote experimentation with new techniques and/or production. They should also include in their activities farmers in the community who have not taken part in the first phase and they will be the preferential points of contact with the Ministry of Agriculture.
Support for processing and distributing agricultural products and the creation of microenterprises.
The same methods of training and participation in experimentation are used so that farmers identify the methods of processing and distributing products to create value and to obtain the best sale prices. The sale of products targets local markets but also the constantly growing numbers of tourists via the organization of a shared economic network, in particular with the neighbouring island of São Vicente.
Creation of a centre for the supply of agricultural equipment and for support for processing and distributing agricultural products.
At the same time as the activities mentioned above, the project will set up a small supply centre in Porto Novo with the products most needed by farmers. Community volunteers can set up resale points in the most remote communities. A support centre for processing and distribution will be set up in the same building, with laboratory, marketing and other services. This centre will be administered by the NGO Atelier Mar which will help existing voluntary associations and cooperatives to administer the centre.
Strengthening the community voluntary sector and institutional support for the NGO ATELIER MAR.
Strengthening the voluntary sector is a recurrent theme in ESSOR projects. Diagnostic and training work with rural communities in Porto Novo should allow community volunteers to take a more active role in dialogue space with the authorities. The NGO Atelier Mar is, in turn, given support to set up an institutional development plan.
Direct beneficiaries: 20 groups of 20 to 25 small-holders/stock-breeders throughout the municipal district (i.e. 80% of communities). Between 400 and 450 families thus benefit.
Indirect beneficiaries: all rural families in the municipal district, i.e. 9500 persons.
- The programme is conducted in conjunction with the Portuguese NGO INDE.
- It is carried out with the Cape Verdean NGO ATELIER MAR. The Ministry of Agriculture and the Municipality of Porto Novo are the institutional partners.
- The Project is funded by the European Commission, the French Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Lord Michelham of Hellingly Foundation, the association Groupe Développement, Fondation Crédit Agricole, and Fondation Anber.