Rural development


On a global population of 7 billion people, 1.3 billion live below the poverty line (less than $ 2 per day, of which 3/4 are in rural areas. Sometimes faced with difficult climatic conditions, but also a lack of training, credit, access to inputs and markets, millions of farmers are unable to produce enough to meet the needs of their families. They are often forced to leave their village and find themselves without jobs in the suburbs of large cities.

Develop and diversify the agriculture and livestock to enable farming families to live in dignity on their land are ESSOR objectives since its creation.

Our priorities in this area are :

• Focus on smallscale family farms (as opposed to agribusiness) to improve food security and maintain employment in rural areas.

• Focus on agroecology to preserve natural resources and build sustainable development.

• Focus on participatory methods to cross the traditional and scientific knowledges and to enable farmers to find their own solutions adapted to their situation.

Focus on organization of farmers to interact with public authorities, influence local development policies and national and international agricultural policies.


Our main areas of work are :

Agricultural training and participatory experimentation of innovations

Training is at the heart of all our actions. It is often long (2 years), theoretical and practical, always participatory. The pedagogical method is based on dialogue between farmers and technicians and on the comparison between traditional knowledge’s and technical inputs from agricultural research.
In most of our projects, farmers' groups meet twice a month in their village with the help of a technician to analyze their problems, investigate causes and solutions that will then be tested on the plot of a member of the group. The environmental impact of different farming techniques will be evaluated and priority is always given to agro-ecological techniques that preserve soil fertility and the environment.
Agricultural schools in alternately, based on the model of rural family homes (MFR at international level) are set up to enable young people to reconcile basic education, agricultural training and work on the family farm.

Diversification of production

By combining training, testing and support (often in the form of micro credit) to obtain the first inputs, ESSOR promotes diversification and culture associations and facilitates the development of beekeeping, fish farming, production of fruits, vegetables, and poultry.

Processing and marketing of products

Creating small processing units (honey, jam, fruit juice, peanut paste, palm oil) and supporting cooperatives in market research, ESSOR will increase the added value of agricultural products.

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